Uqair Protocol of 1922

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The Uqair Protocol or Uqair Convention[1] was an agreement at Uqair on 2 December 1922 that defined the boundaries between Mandatory Iraq, the Sultanate of Nejd and Sheikhdom of Kuwait. It was made[2] by Percy Cox, the British High Commissioner to Iraq, in response to Ikhwan raiders from Nejd under Ibn Saud. Cox met ibn Saud and Major John More, the British Political Agent to Kuwait. The boundaries included a Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone and a Saudi–Kuwaiti neutral zone.

Kuwait was not permitted any role in outcome of the Uqair agreement when the Saudis and British decided Kuwait's modern boundaries. Kuwait lost more than two thirds of its territory as a result of the agreement, as well as its second largest town, the port of Manifa[3] the loss of territory made anti-British sentiment grow in Kuwait.

Percy Cox

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  1. ^ Map of boundaries determined by Uqair Protocol
  2. ^ Imposition of Uqair Protocol
  3. ^ Mary Ann Tétreault (1995). The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and the Economics of the New World Order. pp. 2–3. ISBN 9780899305103.
  • Lauterpacht, E.; Greenwood, C. J.; Weller, Marc (1991-06-01). "1.6 The determination of boundaries between Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Najd)". The Kuwait Crisis: Basic Documents. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45–49. ISBN 978-0-521-46308-9.

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